Q. If I marry is it possible to avoid any of my fiancé's debt
Yes. First, your separate property doesn't become liable for a spouse's
premarital debt simply by marrying. But community property as it comes
into being does.
Secondly, to the extent you or your spouse will incur debt during marriage,
prior to marriage both can agree to eliminate or restrict the creation
of community property as between you. This is accomplished through a prenuptial
or premarital agreement. Essentially you agree to restrict or eliminate
the creation of community property in the first instance, since that will
remain liable for debts incurred prior to (with some exceptions) and during
the marriage, and so you can ensure that your separate property remains
None of this applies to debts you jointly incur - the joint credit card,
the jointly purchased car, or the jointly refinanced home. This is why
creditors try to insist that both spouses sign loans.
But you can modify your behavior in order to protect yourself by not signing.
It is possible to enter a post-nuptial agreement which achieves substantially
the same thing, although it won't necessarily change the character
of debt incurred prior to its signing but it may nonetheless eliminate
future community debt by eliminating community property. Remember, as
between the two of you, you cannot affect third party's rights who
are not parties to your post marital agreement, and to do so may be considered
a fraud upon creditors which means the agreement may be set aside and voided.
Thurman W. Arnold III