CALIFORNIA EVIDENCE CODE
GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO PRIVILEGES
Evidence Code Section 917
(a) If a privilege is claimed on the ground that the matter sought to be
disclosed is a communication made in confidence in the course of the lawyer-client,
physician-patient, psychotherapist-patient, clergy-penitent, husband-wife,
sexual assault counselor-victim, or domestic violence counselor-victim
relationship, the communication is presumed to have been made in confidence
and the opponent of the claim of privilege has the burden of proof to
establish that the communication was not confidential.
(b) A communication between persons in a relationship listed in subdivision
(a) does not lose its privileged character for the sole reason that it
is communicated by electronic means or because persons involved in the
delivery, facilitation, or storage of electronic communication may have
access to the content of the communication.
(c) For purposes of this section, "electronic" has the same meaning
provided in Section 1633.2 of the Civil Code.