CALIFORNIA FAMILY CODE
UNIFORM CHILD CUSTODY JURISDICTION AND ENFORCEMENT ACT
Family Code Section 3402
As used in this part:
(a) "Abandoned" means left without provision for reasonable and
necessary care or supervision.
(b) "Child" means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age.
(c) "Child custody determination" means a judgment, decree, or
other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody,
or visitation with respect to a child. The term includes a permanent,
temporary, initial, and modification order. The term does not include
an order relating to child support or other monetary obligation of an
(d) "Child custody proceeding" means a proceeding in which legal
custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child is an
issue. The term includes a proceeding for dissolution of marriage, legal
separation of the parties, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, paternity,
termination of parental rights, and protection from domestic violence,
in which the issue may appear.
The term does not include a proceeding involving juvenile delinquency,
contractual emancipation, or enforcement under Chapter 3 (commencing with
(e) "Commencement" means the filing of the first pleading in
(f) "Court" means an entity authorized under the law of a state
to establish, enforce, or modify a child custody determination.
(g) "Home state" means the state in which a child lived with
a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months
immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding. In
the case of a child less than six months of age, the term means the state
in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned.
A period of temporary absence of any of the mentioned persons is part
of the period.
(h) "Initial determination" means the first child custody determination
concerning a particular child.